A new study has revealed the world is home to one of the first green residential developments in the world, with residential development and recycling making up a third of the country’s housing supply.
In a landmark study of India’s green housing sector, the Institute of Housing found that only 1.2% of the 2.2 million dwellings built in the country were green.
Only 0.8% of homes in India are made from recycled materials.
Green buildings, a term used to describe buildings that are either eco-friendly or environmentally sound, is now more common in India than anywhere else in the developed world.
But the Institute’s study of housing developments across the country also found that, in the absence of new green building standards, new housing will always be green.
“We know that there is a strong desire among many people for more housing,” said Dr Arvind Kumar, the head of the Institute and a senior researcher at the institute.
The report said that only a third (34.9%) of households with children were built with recycled materials, but this number is projected to rise to 50% by 2030.
The institute said that India is on track to meet its target of a 40% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2050, but the report also said that it is not enough to tackle the issue alone.
The study found that over the last three decades, a number of green building and recycling policies were implemented.
For example, the government in 2012 introduced the National Green Building Act and implemented various green building initiatives in the public sector.
“However, it is still too early to see any big impact of these policies,” the study said.
“The government should ensure that the green building sector is taken up at the state and municipal level as a priority.”
The institute also found a “substantial gap” in the availability of new housing.
The report said there were only 9,000 new homes built in India every year between 2009 and 2021.
The Indian government plans to build a million new housing units by 2022, but only 2,000 have been built so far.
The Institute of Environmental and Energy Studies, which was established in 2010, said that the government must make green building a priority if the country is to address climate change.
“If we want to limit the global warming effect of rising CO2, we need to make our cities more green and build more green housing,” Dr Kumar said.